Apple Rootstock Info: G.202

Characteristic Detail Description
Rootstock G.202

G.202 is a semi-dwarfing rootstock that produces a tree slightly larger than M.26. It is a cross of Malling 27 and Robusta 5. It is fire blight and phytophthora resistant, but also has good resistance to woolly apple aphid, which is important in many warmer climates where woolly apple aphid is a rootstock pest. G.202 performs very moderately well in the stoolbed and produces good quality nursery trees.

G.202 has been tested mostly in New

Cider apple training systems

Considerable debate exists around the best tree size and training systems for cider apple production. In the past several decades, tree size in many commercial orchards have shrunk, and those smaller trees have been planted at higher densities of trees per acre. This intensification has led to generally increased yields, decreased labor inputs, and increased dessert fruit quality in many orchards. However, the economic output of such orchards is contrasted with high up-front input costs, and the unique price and …

The economics of growing cider apples

The profitable production of cider apples requires an understanding of production costs, expected yields, and realistic price expectations for cider fruit. Two scenarios can substantially affect the underlying economics of growing cider apples: growing apples for making cider within the same or an affiliated business, versus growing cider apples for sale to a separate cidery.

For growers who seek to supply fruit for their own cidermaking, the returns from that fruit must be considered in the overall context of operating …

What are cider apples?

The intentional production of cider apples differs from the tradition of diverting lower-grade fruit of dessert cultivars, e.g., ‘McIntosh’, ‘Empire’, ‘Honeycrisp’, etc., from fresh markets to an on-farm or third-party cider mill. For the purposes of this guide, “cider apples” refers to apples intentionally grown for the purpose of making cider. Likewise, “cider” in this case refers to fermented, alcoholic apple juice and products made from it. While the majority of juice that is made into cider in New England …




Growth vigorous | medium | weak

Form upright | spreading | drooping

Canopy dense | medium | sparse

Wood brittle | stiff | flexible


Bearing spur-type | mixed spur and tip | tip-bearing

Cropping precocious | average | late | annual | biennial

Fruit drop average | medium | light | none (few)

Budbreak uniform | medium | weak | blindwood

Branching habit vertical | medium | horizontal | downward

Lateral branching profuse

Commercial cider apple growers survey

Grow cider apples commercially? The NorthEast Cider Apple Project (NECAP) wants to hear from you! Please fill out this brief survey so we may know what’s going on out there!

Thanks. Terence Bradshaw, Elizabeth Garofalo, and Jon Clements

Funding for NECAP is provided by NESARE Grant LNE19-373.

Northeast Cider Conference

Northeast Cider Conference. Tuesday, March 24, 2020 to Thursday, March 26, 2020. Hilton Albany, NY.

Intended to meet the unique regional needs of the cider community in the Northeastern states, this conference will provide the opportunity to build your network, share knowledge, and learn from your fellow producers and growers. The inaugural NCC will allow for problem solving, priority setting and market development for makers operating at all levels of scale, and enhance the cider culture in the Northeast.