Apple Rootstock Info: G.969

Characteristic Detail            Description
Rootstock G.969

G.969 is a semidwarfing rootstock that is resistant to fire blight, crown rot, and woolly apple aphid. It is classified as having growth control between M.7 and MM.106. The rootstocks produce few root suckers or burr knots. Suggested for trial for growers desiring a freestanding tree.

Synonyms Geneva 969
Origin N/A
Availability Limited availability
Tree Size 70-75%
Precocity Intermediate
Winter Hardiness Hardy
Suckering N/A
Tree Support Needed No
Where tested within NC-140 or other research

Apple Rootstock Info: Antonovka 313

Characteristic Detail Description
Rootstock Antonovka 313
This is a non-dwarfing rootstock from Russia and produces a free-standing tree that is 100% standard size. Trees are slow coming into bearing and moderately productive, and trees may lean slightly in some situations. Although some nurseries advertise Antonovka 313 to be very cold hardy, it is usually considered moderately cold hardy and may be susceptible to late-winter cold. It is adapted to a wide range of soil conditions, and is reportedly resistant to

Apple Rootstock Info: Alnarp 2


Alnarp 2
Introduced by the Alnarp Fruit Tree Station, in Alnarp, in southern Sweden in 1944. Alnarp 2 was selected in 1920 from a group of mixed Doucin (dwarf) trees and it was brought to the US in 1949. This clonal rootstock propagates easily in the stool bed and produces a free-standing semi-vigorous tree 85 to 90% the size of seedling. Alnarp 2 is very cold tolerant and has been used as an understock for interstem

Apple Rootstock Info: P.22

Characteristic Detail Description
Rootstock P.22

Resulted from a cross of M.9 x Common Antonovka and released Research Institute of Poland  in Skierniewice, Poland. This is a very dwarfing rootstock, producing trees similar in size to M.27. Trees have good winter hardiness, and produce few burr knots and rootsuckers. It is moderately susceptible to fire blight and very susceptible to woolly apple aphid, and has good resistance to crown and root rots. P.22 is very precocious, has higher yield efficiency than

How New Apple Rootstocks Are Developed

Breeding improved apple rootstocks has been a priority research area in New York State since Dr. Jim Cummins and Dr. Herb Aldwinkle initiated crosses in 1970. In 1998, the rootstock program became a joint Cornell/U.S. Department of Agriculture program and in 2011 is headed by Dr. Gennaro Fazio. The program has focused on creating rootstocks that are resistant to the major apple diseases, fire blight (Erwinia amylovora) and crown rot (Phytophthora cactorum), and tolerant to a …