Apple Rootstock Info: B.491

Characteristic Detail Description
Rootstock B.491

A very dwarfing rootstock from the Michurinsk College of Agriculture, former Soviet Union. Bud. 491 is reported to be very winter hardy with brittle wood and requires tree support. It is too dwarfing for most commercial situations, the wood is pink, it produces few burrknots and root suckers, but it is very susceptible to fire blight and Phytophthora. Bud. 491 was evaluated in the NC-140 1994 rootstock trial at 18 locations with the scion cultivar

Apple Rootstock Info: B.490

Characteristic Detail Description
Rootstock B.490

Originated from a cross of Red-Leaved Paradise (B.9) x Bud. 13-14 at the Michurinsk College of Agriculture, former Soviet Union. Bud. 490 is a semi-vigorous rootstock (similar in size and productivity to MM.106) that roots easily from hardwood cuttings or in the stoolbed. The inner bark is red. Trees on Bud. 490 are moderately precocious and produce some burrknots and few root suckers. Bud. 490 is moderately resistant to collar rot and fire blight and

Apple Rootstock Info: B.118

Characteristic Detail Description
Rootstock B.118

Formerly Bud. 54-118. A semi-dwarfing rootstock from the Michurinsk College of Agriculture, former Soviet Union. Resulted from a’ Moscow Pear’ x M.9 or M.8 cross. Bud. 118 is reported to be a very cold hardy semi-dwarf rootstock and produces a tree about 85% of seedling. It is more precocious than seedling and can be grown without support. It is moderately resistant to fire blight, crown rot. There is very limited experience with Bud.118 in North

Apple Rootstock Info: B.9

Characteristic Detail Description
Rootstock B.9

Resulted from a cross of M.8 x ‘Red Standard’ (Krasnij Standard) from Russia. B.9 has been tested widely and is used commercially in the U.S. In general, B.9 is slightly more dwarfing than M.9 and has slightly higher yield efficiency than M.9. B.9 was selected as a dwarfing cold hardy rootstock and initial inoculation results indicated that it was as susceptible to fire blight as M.9. However, in field trials, trees grafted onto B.9 survived