Will an apple tree grow differently if I plant the graft union high above the soil or close to the ground?

The planting depth is critical, especially for trees on dwarf or semi-dwarf rootstocks. When planting, dig the hole deep enough to allow the tree to be planted with the graft union 2 to 3 inches above the ground. If the tree is planted too deep and the graft union is below the ground level, the scion variety will form roots and the tree will become a standard-sized tree. Also, if the graft union is buried, the tree may send up …

For an apple tree, how many inches above the soil should I keep the graft union after planting?

For trees on size controlling rootstocks, the bud union should be 3 to 6 inches above the soil line. Remember that in some instances the tree can settle causing the bud union to become covered with soil. If the union is covered it may allow the scion to develop roots and the benefits of the size controlling rootstock could be lost. Conversely if the union is too high you may experience increased size control resulting in a smaller tree than …

What is apple union necrosis and decline, and how do I identify and manage the disease?

Apple union necrosis and decline is caused by tomato ringspot virus, which also causes disease in other fruit trees, small fruits, and many herbaceous plants. Symptoms appear as infected trees reach bearing age. Bud break is often delayed in the spring, and leaves are small and sparse with a dull, pale green color. Terminal shoot growth is reduced, with shortened internodes. Infected trees flower heavily and set large numbers of small, highly colored fruit. Leaf discoloration and leaf drop occur …