- Apple Rootstock Characteristics and Descriptions
- Publications from the NC-140 Regional Rootstock Research Project
- Understanding Apple Tree Size: Dwarf, Semi-Dwarf and Standard
- Controlling Apple Tree Size by Horticultural Means
- Apple Rootstock Influence on Precocity
- Apple Tree Productivity
- Winter Hardiness of Apple Rootstocks
- Apple Rootstock Testing and NC-140
- Support for Apple Trees on Dwarfing Rootstocks
- Apple Rootstocks and Suckering
- Apple Rootstocks and Virus Status
- Interstem Apple Trees
- Parts of an Apple Tree
- Table of Apple Rootstock Susceptibility to Phytophthora spp.
Click on a rootstock to access characteristics and descriptions.
|Dwarfing Rootstocks||Semi-Dwarfing Rootstocks||Standard Size Rootstocks|
|Ottawa 3||M.27, M.9 (interstem)/
|Supporter 1||M.7 EMLA|
|Supporter 4||MM.106 EMLA|
Apple rootstocks have traditionally been divided into three groups: standard, semi-dwarf, and dwarf.
A standard size tree refers to trees growing on seedling rootstock. If trees on seedling rootstocks are not pruned to limit tree size, the trees will reach a height of about 30 feet and have a crown diameter of about 30 feet. Orchards planted before the 1960s often had only 40 trees per acre and were spaced 40 feet by 40 feet. With good pruning, standard size …