A general description of rootstock leaf characteristics does not exist, because each rootstock has leaves that are characteristic of that particular rootstock. Rootstock leaves, like cultivar leaves, can vary in size, shape, color, leaf margin serration, pubescence, petiole thickness, and petiole length. Also, they differ by the presence of stipules at the petiole base, and leaves may be flat or cupped. In general, the rootstock leaves will look different than the leaves on the scion cultivar, so one should be able to distinguish between the two parts of the tree based on differences in leaf characteristics.
Answer provided by Richard Marini, Penn State University.