The Vineland series of apple rootstocks originated as open-pollinated hybrids of ‘Kerr’ crabapples and M.9 rootstock and were selected at the Horticultural Experiment Station at Vineland, Ontario, Canada in 1958. According to information from the Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs, V.3 is slightly smaller than M.9 EMLA and yield and yield efficiency is similar to M.9 EMLA. V.3 is cold hardy and somewhat resistant to fireblight. V.3 was included in the 1994 NC-140 dwarf apple rootstock trial at 9 locations in North America. After 10 years trees on V.3 were smaller than trees on M.9 NAKBT337, so trees were about 20 to 25% standard size. Tree survival was very good. Trees on V.3 produced few rootsuckers and burrknots. At most locations trees on V.3 had lower cumulative yield, but higher yield efficiency than trees on M.9 NAKBT337.
|Where tested within NC-140 or other research plantings
||AR, MI, NC, NJ, NY, PA, ME, GA, IN, WA